Examcrazy Logo
MBA in India CAT How to Prepare for Exams Technical Freshers Jobs
  Follow us|  twitter  Orkut  facebook
  Introduction & History
  Types of Indian Universities
  Colleges of Indian Universities
  Regulatory Authority-Higher Education
  Admissions in Indian Colleges and Universities
  Reservation and Quota System
  Domicile Requirement
  Admission Notifications
  B.E./B.Tech Admissions
  M.E./M.Tech Admissions
  Engineering Colleges of India
  B.E./ B.Tech Admissions Notifications
  M.E./ M.Tech Admissions Notifications
  MBA Admissions
  MBA Colleges In India
  MBA Admission Notification
Reservation and Quota Systems in India

Domicile Requirements in India
University & College Admissions
What is AICTE?
Types of Colleges in Universities

Reservation and Quota Systems
Though the Article.15(1) of the Constitution says that the “State shall not discriminate any citizen on grounds only of religion, race, caste, sex, place of birth or any of them”, it also provides for compensatory or protective discrimination in favour of certain sections of the disadvantaged people. Article 15(4) of the Constitution stipulates that notwithstanding the provision stated above, the State can make “special provision for the advancement of any socially and educationally backward classes of citizens or for the Scheduled Castes and the Scheduled Tribes”.

Scheduled Castes (SC) and Tribes (STREAM) constitute approximately 22.5% of the country’s population. Accordingly, a pro-rata reservation of 22.5% (SC 15% and ST 7.5%) has been made for them in educational institutions which come under the administrative control of the Ministry of Human Resource Development and other Central Ministries. Similar reservations, directly proportional to their population, have also been provided by the State Governments and Union Territory Administrations. SC and ST students are also entitled to relaxation in respect of the upper age limit (generally 5 years) as well as concession of lower cut-off qualifying marks (5-10%).

Besides reservation for SC and ST Candidates, seats are also reserved for other categories of the backward community (OBC). In 1978, the Second Backward Classes Commission under the Chairmanship of B.P. Mandal (more well-known as the Mandal Commission) was set up. The Commission, which submitted its report in 1980, recommended the reservation of 27% of the seats in all scientific, technical and professional institutions run by the Central as well as State Governments for other backward communities (OBCs).

It further recommended that those States which have already reserved more than 27% seats for OBC students would remain unaffected by this recommendation. The Government of India implemented the recommendations in 1990 leading to violent protests. The Supreme Court had earlier ruled that the total percentage of reservation should not exceed 50% of the seats. While giving its assent to the Government order for implementation of the recommendations of the Mandal commission report, the Supreme Court not only limited overall reservation to 50%, but also inserted an economic exclusion clause under the name of “creamy layer”. It later reiterated its decision of fixing the upper limit while disallowing the pleas of the Governments of Tamil Nadu and Karnataka from increasing the quota beyond 50%.

However, reservation continues to be a controversial social and political issue and has resulted in many protracted legal disputes and multitude of legal interpretations. In August 1999, the Supreme Court ruled that for admissions at the super-speciality level in medicine and engineering faculties, no special provisions like reservations for SCs, STs and BCs were permissible. Even among the quota for reservations, there are also sub-quotas. For example, in Andhra Pradesh, 15% of the seats in each course of study reserved for Scheduled Castes are in turn allotted, in proportion to their population, to four categories of SCs classified as A, B, C and D. Similarly, 25% of the seats reserved for Backward Classes are allocated to four categories of BCs – labelled as A, B, C and D.

The following table reflects the typical caste-based reservation profile:
SC and SC Converts to Buddhism 13.0%
STs 7.0%
Vimukta Jati 3.0%
Nomadic Tribes (NTI) 2.5%
Nomadic Tribes (NT2) 3.5%
Nomadic Tribes (NT3) 2.0%
OBC 19.0%
Total 50.0%

Besides caste based reservations, there are also varieties of reservation and quota system, for example, Non-resident Indians (5%), Women (30%), Physically handicapped, Migrants from J & K, NCC Quota, Sports Quota, Anglo-Indian Community, Children of Political Sufferers, Children of Defence personnel, Children of Ex servicemen, Government of India Nominees.

Minority Institutions
Article 30(1) of the Indian Constitution provides that “all minorities whether based on religion or language shall have the right to establish and administer educational institution of their choice”. Many such institutions have been established by the minority communities in a number of states. According to a Supreme Court ruling in the case St. Stephen’s College vs University of Delhi (AIR 1992 SC 1630) there have to be two categories for admissions in minority educational institutions viz., Category 1-50% of he seats for candidates belonging to the minority community which has established the institution and Category II-50% of the seats for candidates for “communities other than the minority community” which owns the institution. In all States admissions are regulated through the state-level common entrance tests.

Useful links

Domicile Requirements in India
University & College Admissions
What is University Grants Commission (UGC)
What is AICTE?
University Stream in India
Types of Universities in India
Types of Colleges in Universities
Indian School System

Thanks for the information
Posted by:-Prakash.     On: Nov 25, 2011 - 7:32:46 AM
Bookmark or Email Report Abuse Post your comment
My name is Biswajit paul and i want a clear information on relaxation of marks and reservation for OBC students in central universities because Assam University is not ready to accept any type of relaxation on OBCcatagories my email id biswajit paul23@yahoo co plz mail me as soon as possible
Posted by:-Biswajit paul.     On: Nov 24, 2011 - 11:57:05 PM
Bookmark or Email Report Abuse Post your comment
is there any reservation kota for BPL(below powerty line)students
Posted by:-kuldeep sharma.     On: Nov 23, 2011 - 11:56:24 AM
Bookmark or Email Report Abuse Post your comment
sorry but i don\'t accept this fact cuz u guys r getting education the same way we r but infact free till 10th so acc 2 me u r rong
Posted by:-priyanka.     On: Nov 9, 2011 - 6:47:34 PM
Bookmark or Email Report Abuse Post your comment
Posted by:-SUNIL KANOJIA.     On: Oct 16, 2011 - 7:45:39 AM
Bookmark or Email Report Abuse Post your comment
just keep it up we deserve this quata
Posted by:-ashu.     On: Sep 26, 2011 - 5:07:28 PM
Bookmark or Email Report Abuse Post your comment
if any sc comdidate apply with sc certificate then he could get both benifits(general & sc quota)
Posted by:-gaur mohan bhardwaj.     On: Sep 2, 2011 - 1:51:59 PM
Bookmark or Email Report Abuse Post your comment
reservations should be decided on the submitter ability and their respective family economical position not on caste creed and gender improper usage of Reservations is one of the reason for India to be still a developing country
Posted by:-Arun Choubey.     On: Aug 30, 2011 - 3:07:25 AM
Bookmark or Email Report Abuse Post your comment
is there reservation for nt2 for ias officer
Posted by:-Rushikesh.     On: Aug 28, 2011 - 9:24:04 PM
Bookmark or Email Report Abuse Post your comment
is there reservation for Ncc cadets in mba colleges in Andhra pradesh?
Posted by:-rajkumar.     On: Aug 2, 2011 - 10:42:52 PM
Bookmark or Email Report Abuse Post your comment
reservation is just a curse for the society and if we soon not going to come out of this then we r not able to come ever out of this
Posted by:-ashutosh.     On: Jul 31, 2011 - 11:04:15 AM
Bookmark or Email Report Abuse Post your comment
r there any reservation for shaks(muslim)
Posted by:-amaan.     On: Jul 13, 2011 - 3:51:56 PM
Bookmark or Email Report Abuse Post your comment
is there any reserve quota for ANX-2 catagory
Posted by:-bikash.     On: Jun 19, 2011 - 10:14:25 PM
Bookmark or Email Report Abuse Post your comment
whether ncc reservation is available for govt exams?
Posted by:-bharath.     On: Jun 14, 2011 - 7:49:50 AM
Bookmark or Email Report Abuse Post your comment
Plz give sum information ncc reservation for mba through icet my id bharathiyours@gmail com
Posted by:-bharathi.     On: Jun 9, 2011 - 2:03:57 PM
Bookmark or Email Report Abuse Post your comment
Post your Comments on this topic
Name:   Email:
View more comments   1   2   3   4   5   6   7
  About us | Privacy Policy | Terms and Conditions | Contact us | Email: support@Examcrazy.com  
Copyright © 2014 Extreme Testing House, India. All rights reserved.  1585